The proper nutrition of your young child
has spread recently a lot of misconceptions about dealing with young people in general, as a result of the lack of experiences of newly born women in motherhood a lot of mistakes in how to raise a child is healthy and healthy, and this is what we feel by ourselves in what we see in hospitals from large numbers of children People with rickets, malnutrition diseases, anemia and others.
Therefore, the importance of proper dealing with children of this age must be mentioned, and the highest priority and priority must be given to what they should eat, and when.
This is what we will cover in this article.
First, what are the basic food rules for a child?
A child from two years of age must eat three basic meals, along with two snacks daily. The little one should eat one of these basic foods daily.
Fish, eggs and meat.
Fruits and vegetables
Dairy products such as cheese, etc., milk.
Cereals, potatoes and rice.
The mother must maintain the quality of her baby’s food, and ensure constant diversification among the aforementioned options. It may become difficult at times for some children to insist on eating a certain food and repeat it always, or the young may refuse to eat certain foods.
In this case, it is possible to resort to the following to ensure that the child is eating a complete food.
1. Offer many healthy options for foods, and leave the choice to the child himself, as this will make him eat healthy balanced food. Where children of this age tend to be stubborn if the mother insists on feeding him a certain species.
2. Diversification of food preparation methods will change the child’s reaction to food.
3. At this age, children tend to start to depend on themselves, and try to enhance its independence, so you can start preparing food in a way that is eaten with a fork or spoon, as these are popular things for the little ones.
Snacks for children: –
Young people need a lot of energy throughout the day, whether to play, or to grow. Since the size of the stomach in young children is small and does not tolerate large quantities of food, which leads the young to go hungry a lot, we must rely on snacks throughout the day.
The word “small meal” for a child may present an opportunity to eat a lot of processed foods, but this is what the mother should not allow. A snack should be an integrated set of healthy foods.
Examples of snacks for young children:
1. Fresh fruits.
Apples, bananas, peaches, and pears (cut into small pieces to ensure safety for the little one).
Berries, grapes (well ground).
• the strawberry.
2. Dried fruits.
Carrots, green beans (cooked well, cut).
4. Dairy products.
Cheese (grated / chopped).
Snacks should be avoided: –
Avoid large pieces of any food, as it is dangerous to suffocate the child.
Processed foods contain large amounts of sugar, and sodium … so they should be prevented.
Supplements for children: –
Toddlers rarely need nutritional supplements if they eat a varied, healthy diet, but a child may have iron deficiency if their portion of meat, cereals, and vegetables full of iron is low. Which could lead to anemia (a health condition that means the red blood cells are not able to transfer oxygen efficiently).
Anemia may also be caused by consuming large amounts of milk, as the calcium contained in it is bound to iron and prevents its absorption, and the body benefits from it.
The baby needs at least 15 milliliters of iron per day.
Does the child need vitamin D as a dietary supplement?
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics …
• A child, up to 12 months of age, needs 400 IU of vitamin D per day.
• For children older than one year, their needs increase to 600 IU of vitamin D per day.
This amount is considered to be sufficient to prevent rickets.
If the child does not get the specified amount of vitamin D, or is not exposed enough to sunlight, speak with the doctor to determine the possibility of giving him a vitamin D. supplement.
General advice for nutrition: –
1. Respect your child’s preference for certain foods.
The little boy may be food-loving, but sometimes he may surprise you with his preference for one type over another, and the duration of his passion and love for this particular type may vary, as this always changes.
The child may prefer food for days and then no longer like it, strange for you, but in reality this is a very normal behavior for children, especially those who are three years old.
The solution .. Show the little boy many types of healthy food, and make him free to choose, preferably not to force him to a certain type.
2. The new food entry rule.
Encourage the child to eat a new type of food, but do not force him to. You can start with very small amounts of new food with the food you really like.
3. Reducing watching TV ads.
The TV contains many advertisements of unhealthy food, such as those full of sugar, sugar, fast food.
Which may negatively affect the young’s demand for healthy food.
And finally ..
the age group from the age of two to four years is very important, as the body is at its highest growth rate, and the child needs all healthy nutrients full of vitamins, minerals and amino acids .. to ensure the healthy growth of the body and mind.
Sources 1, 2, 3, 4.