Xanthoma ( Yellow bumps under skin )
A xanthoma is a skin alteration made of fat-rich material under the skin. It is normally caused by an increase of blood lipids such as cholesterol or triglycerides. It is recommended to visit a doctor for a further check in order to find an underlying problem.
Yellow fever ( Yellow jack,Xellow plague,Bronze john,Black vomit,Yellow jack viral disease )
Yellow fever is an infectious disease caused by a virus, which is transmitted via mosquitoes is subtropical and tropical areas (especially in sub-Saharan Africa and in the Amazon Basin). It can cause very serious conditions and even lead to death, especially in adults. It appears with flu-like symptoms: fever, nausea, and aches. In rare cases, patients may develop inflammation of the liver (hepatitis), which can cause jaundice (icterus), as well as cause blood clotting disorders with increased proneness to bleeding, which can be fatal. The World Health Organisation recommends a vaccination when travelling to affected areas.
Pertussis ( 100-day cough )
Whooping cough is an infectious bacterial disease that causes uncontrollable coughing. It is a highly contagious disease that can be very harmful to infants and young children. The early symptoms are like a common cold, so it is usually diagnosed not until the characteristic coughing attacks occur. Vaccination can prevent getting whooping cough and antibiotics can be used to treat it.
Basal-cell carcinoma ( )
Basal cell carcinoma is the most frequent type of skin cancer. It predominantly affects the face, but can also develop elsewhere on the body, except for on the inner palm of the hand and on the soles of the feet. This kind of tumor grows relatively slowly, but like other tumors, it destroys surrounding tissue. The tumor can be removed by surgery and in most cases it can be cured.
Whiplash injury ( )
Whiplash is the result of an acceleration-deceleration of the head and overextension of the neck without direct damage to the brain, skull, upper cervical spine, or spinal cord with symptoms lasting longer than 6 months. Symptoms generally disappear within 6 months following the trauma in about 90% of patients. It is yet unclear why 10% of patients continue to experience them.
Edema ( Fluid accumulation in the tissues )
An edema is an excessive storage of fluids in tissue. The most common type of edema observed is calf edema. This storage of fluids can sometimes be normal, but it can also be from an overload of the vascular system, for example due to a weak heart or weak veins in the legs.