Accident injury:

Trauma ( )

A trauma is an injury. It can be a physical injury (fracture, wound) or a mental injury (e.g. after rape). Different therapies are necessary, depending on the type of trauma.

Full Description

A trauma in general refers to any injury or damage caused by violence force. There are physical traumas, e.g. wounds, burns or fractures, or mental traumas after surviving a psychologically difficult situation, e.g. rape or abduction. Physical traumas are additionally differentiated based on their severeness. If it is a single, minor injury it is called lesion or simple trauma, if it is a life-threatening single injury (e.g. after use of force on the abdomen) it is called barytrauma. A traffic accident or a fall usually causes multiple injuries out of which at least one, sometimes more of them are life-threatening. This is then called polytrauma (major trauma).

Symptoms

Swelling of the testicles, Testicular pain, Distended abdomen, Abdominal pain, Bleeding from vagina, Back pain, Fever, Sore throat, Hoarseness, Swollen glands in the neck, Pain on swallowing, Earache, Drowsiness, Tremor at rest, Cramps, Disorientation regarding time or place, Feeling faint, Bleeding in the conjunctiva of the eye, Changes in the nails, Joint pain, Chest pain, Toe deformity, Pain radiating to the leg, Pain radiating to the arm, Neck pain, Lower abdominal pain, Lower-back pain, Limited mobility of the back, Limited mobility of the leg, Limited mobility of the fingers, Limited mobility of the ankle, Knee pain, Knee deformity, Joint swelling, Joint instability, Immobilization, Hip deformity, Hip pain, Hand swelling, Hand pain, Foot pain, Finger deformity, Disorientation regarding time or place, Breathing-related pains, Bone fracture, Blue spot on skin, Back pain, Arm swelling, Ankle swelling, Ankle deformity, Abdominal guarding, Abdominal pain, Wound, Scar, Foot swelling, Toe swelling, Pain in the bones, Limited mobility of the hip

Medical Conditions

Depending on the trauma’s mechanism, various injuries with respective symptoms can occur. Patients with physical traumas suffer from pain or loss of function (e.g. they can't move their leg after a fracture). Large or strongly bleeding wounds, or injuries of the inner organs can even lead to volume deficiency shock. Mental traumas can cause various symptoms as well, from total apathy to shock and hyperactivity.

Treatment

Consequences and treatment depend on the type of injury. Talk therapy or short- or long-term medication help in the event of mental traumas. Sometimes an in-patient therapy in a specialized clinic might be necessary. A complication of a mental trauma is the post-traumatic stress disorder. Treatment for physical traumas also depends on the injury. Simple fractures or wounds can be stitched or rested in a plaster cast, while complicated or shifted fractures as well as contaminated, large wounds may require surgery. The more severe the injury or the more injuries a patient has, the more comprehensive is the treatment. Polytraumatized patients often need intensive care with ventilation or multiple surgeries.