Carcinoma of the breast in women ( Breast cancer in women )
Breast cancer is the most common malignant form of cancer in women and is a malignant degeneration of cells in the mammary glands. Men can also develop breast cancer, though this is rare (at a ratio of 1 to 100 in proportion to women).
Breast cancer is the most common malignant form of cancer in women and is a malignant degeneration of cells in the mammary glands. Men can also develop breast cancer, though this is rare. Increased risk groups for developing breast cancer are: women who have no children, women who did not breastfed, women who started their period earlier in life or menstruation later in life than normal, overweighted women, undergone through hormone therapy five years after menopause, and excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco. There are also genetic factors that can contribute to the development of breast cancer.
Lump in the breast, Swollen glands in the armpit, Skin redness
Breast cancer is the most common malignant cancer in women. In terms of statistics, one in every 10 women will have breast cancer at some point in her life, with chances rising with age. White women over 60 are the predominantly affected population. Men make up only 1% of all breast cancer cases. At first breast cancer shows no symptoms. First, a lump in the breast can be felt. Symptoms such as pain, prickling, bloody or watery secretion from the nipple, or eczema around the nipple are rare. In very advanced stages, retraction of the skin and nipple, an orange coloration of the skin or palpable lymph nodes in the underarm can be observed. If the disease spreads to the bones, it can cause strong pain.
Appropriate therapy is dependent on the spread and type of tumor. In early stages, surgery followed by radiation can preserve the breast and chemotherapy before the operation can be used to reduce the size of the tumor. In the case of larger tumors, the entire breast together with the lymph nodes of the underarm need to be removed, after, could be followed by chemo, hormone, or radiation therapy. Removal of the lymph nodes under the arms can cause swelling in the relevant arm. Prognosis is very dependent on how far the tumor has spread.