Jaw fracture:

Mandibular fracture ( Broken jaw,Fractures of the jaw )

A jaw fracture is the condition of broken bones in mandibular bones or facial bones (maxilla). It often requires immediate medical treatment. To determine if surgery is necessary a doctor will detect the location of the jaw fracture by x-ray or computed tomography. Meanwhile, treatment will include medications to relieve pain and swelling and antibiotics.

Full Description

A jaw fracture is usually the condition of broken bones in the lower jaw (mandible, mandibular bones) or sometimes in the upper jaw (maxilla, facial bones). The fracture of the mandible is among the most common fractures because the anatomic location of the mandible is prominent and for this reason can be hit first. Various blunt shocks to the jaw such as direct assault used to be frequent causes of a mandibular fracture before common usage of automobiles. Nowadays, automobile accidents are often the cause of a mandibular fracture. Most of the time, just the nose is damaged. A mandibular fracture is a frequent facial injury resulting from a direct blow to the jaw. This fracture means that the joint that connects the jaw to the skull is dislocated. Sometimes, the jawbone is not fractured but symptoms may appear similar to the fracture of the jawbone.

Symptoms

Shortness of breath, Sore throat, Sputum, Wheezing, Swollen glands in the neck, Muscle pain, Stuffy nose, Headache, Chest pain, Sneezing, Joint pain, Joint redness, Joint swelling, Fever, Leg swelling, Swollen glands in the armpit, Swollen glands in the groin, Eye redness, Oversensitivity to light, Feeling of foreign body in the eye, Burning eyes, Itching eyes, Tears, Eye blinking, Bleeding in the conjunctiva of the eye, Fever, Pain in the limbs, Skin rash, Dark urine, Sweating, Joint pain, Changes in the nails, Palpitations, Skin nodules, Pallor, Cough, Weight loss, Chills, Leg swelling, Night sweats, Purulent discharge from the urethra, Testicular pain, Swelling of the testicles, Nausea, Fever, Vomiting, Feeling of pressure in the ear, Impaired hearing, Itching in the ear, Earache, Swollen glands in the neck, Headache, Reduced appetite, Abdominal pain, Dark urine, Vomiting, Fever, Yellow colored skin, Yellowish discoloration of the white part of the eye, Itching of skin, Tiredness, Nausea, Joint pain, Diarrhea, Blue spot on skin, Skin redness, Changes in the nails, Hand swelling, Skin lesion, Skin redness, Hand pain, Sputum, Burning in the throat, Fever, Pain in the limbs, Sore throat, Hoarseness, Cough, Headache, Swollen glands in the neck, Tiredness, Mouth pain, Runny nose, Earache, Pain on swallowing, Pain in the bones, Muscle pain, Cough with sputum, Stuffy nose, Back pain, Sneezing, Back pain, Fatty defecation, Fever, Side pain, Flatulence, Nausea, Abdominal pain, Tiredness, Vomiting, Weight loss, Lower-back pain, Yellow colored skin, Yellowish discoloration of the white part of the eye, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Cheek swelling, Earache, Fever, Headache, Mouth pain, Sore throat, Facial swelling, Swelling of the testicles, Pain when chewing, Shortness of breath, Chest pain, Chest tightness, Fever, Absence of a pulse, Tiredness, Breathing-related pains, Palpitations, Rebound tenderness, Abdominal guarding, Abdominal pain, Fever, Nausea, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Vomiting, Breathing-related pains, Chest pain, Fever, Shortness of breath, Cough, Burning sensation when urinating, Purulent discharge from the urethra, Feeling of residual urine, Urge to urinate, Testicular pain, Dribbling after urination, Painful urination, Swelling of the testicles, Frequent urination, Delayed start to urination, Decreased urine stream, Lower-back pain, Vomiting, Nausea, Fever, Swelling in the genital area, Heartburn, Vomiting blood, Burning in the throat, Hiccups, Abdominal pain, Reduced appetite, Vomiting, Nausea, Black stools, Chest pain, Tongue burning, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Pain in the calves, Limited mobility of the ankle, Ankle swelling, Hip pain, Joint pain, Morning stiffness, Tingling, Limited mobility of the hip, Burning sensation when urinating, Testicular pain, Swelling of the testicles, Painful urination, Nausea, Fever, Vomiting, Increased salivation, Fever, Sore throat, Lockjaw, Swollen glands in the neck, Pain on swallowing, Abdominal pain, Burning sensation when urinating, Purulent discharge from the urethra, Purulent discharge from the vagina, Painful urination, Itching or burning in the genital area, Swollen glands in the groin, Burning sensation when urinating, Itching or burning in the genital area, Painful urination, Bleeding from vagina, Swelling in the genital area, Feeling of tension in the legs, Marked veins, Hand swelling, Leg swelling, Increased touch sensitivity, Hand pain, Fever, Skin rash, Foot pain, Fever, Hand swelling, Hip pain, Joint pain, Limited mobility of the fingers, Hand pain, Arm swelling, Eye redness, Chest pain, Limited mobility of the leg, Limited mobility of the back, Tiredness, Joint swelling, Joint effusion, Joint redness, Morning stiffness, Limited mobility of the ankle, Ankle swelling, Limited mobility of the hip, Physical inactivity, Cough, Wheezing, Shortness of breath, Sputum, Chest tightness, Eye redness, Night cough, Tiredness, Chest pain, Breathing-related pains, Agitation, Blue colored skin, Cough with sputum, Changes in the nails, Toe swelling, Burning eyes, Eye redness, Feeling of foreign body in the eye, Eye blinking, Tears, Blood in stool, Difficult defecation, Black stools, Frequent urination, Urination during the night, Itching or burning in the genital area, Burning sensation when urinating, Dribbling after urination, Burning eyes, Eye redness, Feeling of foreign body in the eye, Tears, Eye blinking, Eyelids sticking together, Tiredness, Headache, Dry skin, Pallor, Hair loss, Palpitations, Mouth pain, Dry mouth, Brittleness of nails, Difficulty to concentrate, Pain on swallowing, Shortness of breath, Yellow colored skin, Impairment of male potency, Joint pain, Flatulence, Fatty defecation, Vomiting, Nausea, Reduced appetite, Yellowish discoloration of the white part of the eye, Blue spot on skin, Menstruation disorder, Itching of skin, Cramps, Tiredness, Cold feet, Abdominal pain, Palpitations, Blackening of vision, Frequent urination, Tiredness, Shortness of breath, Anxiety, Irregular heartbeat, Breathing-related pains, Pain radiating to the leg, Limited mobility of the leg, Muscular weakness in the leg, Muscular atrophy in the leg, Lower-back pain, Hip pain, Physical inactivity, Skin nodules, Itching of skin, Formation of blisters on a skin area, Skin lesion, Crusting, Lockjaw, Mouth pain

Medical Conditions

The causes of a jaw fracture are mostly accidents such as car or motorcycle accidents, falling from a height or being attacked by people or injured by certain objects. A jaw fracture can happen either to the lower jaw (mandible, mandibular bones) or the upper jaw (maxilla, facial bones). When a person has a jaw fracture, pain on the face, numbness of the lips, difficulty in opening or closing the mouth, swelling and bruise in the affected areas is experienced. Often the teeth don’t fit together perfectly.

Treatment

The treatment for a jaw fracture may be conservative or operative. If the jaw fracture is mild, then rest and avoiding using the injured part is important. This often includes a liquid diet. Medications such as pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics may also be used to reduce the symptoms and prevent an infection. Sometimes it may be necessary to temporarily fix the upper and lower jaw together with a splint until the fracture has healed. For severe cases, surgery is necessary to realign and repair the broken areas with metal plates and screws.