Macular degeneration:

Age-related macular degeneration ( )

Macular degeneration is the accumulation of debris in the retina that causes destruction to the photoreceptors in the center of the macula (the visual field). It can seriously affect the patient’s vision.

Full Description

The macula is a defined area about 5mm wide that is located in the retina of the eye. It contains the highest concentration of photoreceptors and is responsible for focused vision. Degeneration of the cells responsible for the photoreceptors' metabolism around the macula causes an accumulation of metabolic products that drown the retina's photoreceptors. It usually happens as part of the so-called age-related, dry macular degeneration, the most common cause of blindness in people over 65 years in the western world. Additional incrimination of blood vessels into the retina, water retention and other deposits lead to the less common wet macular degeneration. Less commonly, certain drugs (such as chloroquine) or an extreme myopia can cause macular degeneration.

Symptoms

Tiredness, Vomiting, Weight loss, Runny nose, Chills, Night sweats, Knee pain, Knee deformity, Joint redness, Fever, Knee pain, Knee deformity, Headache, Tiredness, Palpitations, Pallor, Hair loss, Drowsiness, Dizziness, Shortness of breath, Burning in the throat, Cold feet, Chest pain, Cold hands, Brittleness of nails, Mouth ulcers, Tongue burning, Agitation, Feeling faint, Reduced appetite, Missed period, Menstruation disorder, Joylessness, Impairment of male potency, Tiredness, Moist and softened skin, Dry skin, Mood swings, Difficulty to concentrate, Weight gain, Sensitivity to cold, Hair loss, Less than 3 defecations per week, Hoarseness, Pallor, Muscle pain, Brittleness of nails, Numbness in the arm, Tiredness, Pallor, Disorientation regarding time or place, Tongue burning, Pain in the bones, Tiredness, Bone fracture, Pain in the limbs, Curvature of the spine, Tears, Eyelids sticking together, Face pain, Eye blinking, Abdominal pain, Flatulence, Diarrhea, Nausea, Foul smelling defecation, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Distended abdomen, Paralysis, Muscular weakness in the arm, Muscular weakness in the leg, Skin nodules, Itching of skin, Hair loss, Changes in the nails, Skin redness, Blue colored skin, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Fever, Pain in the limbs, Headache, Neck stiffness, Nausea, Shortness of breath, Fever, Lockjaw, Cramps, Muscle stiffness, Sweating, Vision impairment for near objects, Vision impairment, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Increased thirst, Pain of the anus, Back pain, Lower-back pain, Limited mobility of the back, Shortness of breath, Bloody cough, Cough, Chest pain, Shortness of breath, Chest pain, Chest tightness, Cough, Back pain, Breathing-related pains, Palpitations, Bold area among hair on the head, Joint pain, Oversensitivity to light, Shortness of breath, Skin rash, Skin redness, Tiredness, Weight loss, Swollen glands in the armpit, Swollen glands in the groin, Fever, Swollen glands in the neck, Sadness, Mood swings, Mouth ulcers, Joylessness, Itching of skin, Hair loss, Scar, Skin redness, Pain in the limbs, Joint pain, Skin rash, Headache, Tiredness, Paralysis, Fever, Neck stiffness, Blue colored skin, Diarrhea, Fever, Weight loss, Skin rash, Swollen glands in the neck, Swollen glands in the armpit, Swollen glands in the groin, Tiredness, Sweating, Night sweats, Leg swelling, Arm swelling, Limited mobility of the leg, Hand pain, Vision impairment, Vision impairment for near objects

Medical Conditions

As the name age-related macular degeneration suggests, the disease frequently occurs with old age. Even before the patient notices deterioration of vision, an ophthalmologist can detect the presence of accumulated debris in the retina. Patients often report deterioration in the eye’s ability to focus and notice a grey shadow wherever they look. In the wet form of macular degeneration, warped perception of fixed objects, such as words in text, occurs.

Treatment

There is currently no treatment that can cure the dry form of macular degeneration. Specialized glasses for macular degeneration exist and can help to improve vision. In some cases of the wet form of macular degeneration, laser treatment or photodynamic treatment can be used to clog up abnormal vessel growth. Additionally, medication can be sprayed into the eyes at regular intervals in an attempt to stop the progress of the disease.