Climacteric ( )

Menopause is defined as the phase occurring during the 12 months after the last menstrual period. This condition marks the end of menstrual cycles and it is a natural biological process that does not affect sexuality.

Full Description

Menopause is a phase in which a woman’s monthly menstruation ends, which is also the end of fertility. The cause of menopause is the reduction of global functioning and reduction of hormone production in the ovaries.


Missed period, Menstruation disorder, Mood swings, Nervousness, Hot flushes, Hair loss, Changes in the nails, Sweating, Night sweats

Medical Conditions

Menopause usually starts between the ages of 40 and 56, however it can begin earlier when malnourishment and smoking are risk factors. The phases before and after menopause are referred as climacteric. Signs of menopause include moodswings, hot flashes and excessive sweat, lack of sexual drive, sleep disorders, and pain during sexual intercourse. The last sign is due to the thinning and drying of the vaginal tissues.


Menopause generally requires no treatment. Hormone therapy can be used to alleviate some symptoms during this time of change. This type of hormone therapy has its advantages (for example, reduction or disappearance of risk for osteoporosis), but also its disadvantages (for example, a slightly increased risk of heart attack), which should be discussed with a specialist.