Nerve pain:

Neuralgia ( )

Neuralgia describes a shooting and shocking pain that develops due to damaged or irritated nerves and is located in the area supplied by the affected nerves. The treatment of neuralgia will focus on pain relief. When a person experiences similar problems as described here, it is important to visit a neurologist for further investigation.

Full Description

Neuralgia is pain of the nerve, which often occurs suddenly and can be severe. It is characterized as electrifying, sharp or even burning pain. The pain occurs in the area supplied by damaged nerves. Damage of the nerve can happen anywhere in the human body, however, the most common places include the face and neck.

Symptoms

Cold hands, Brittleness of nails, Mouth ulcers, Tongue burning, Agitation, Feeling faint, Reduced appetite, Missed period, Menstruation disorder, Joylessness, Impairment of male potency, Tiredness, Moist and softened skin, Dry skin, Mood swings, Difficulty to concentrate, Weight gain, Sensitivity to cold, Hair loss, Less than 3 defecations per week, Hoarseness, Pallor, Muscle pain, Brittleness of nails, Numbness in the arm, Tiredness, Pallor, Disorientation regarding time or place, Tongue burning, Pain in the bones, Tiredness, Bone fracture, Pain in the limbs, Curvature of the spine, Tears, Eyelids sticking together, Face pain, Eye blinking, Abdominal pain, Flatulence, Diarrhea, Nausea, Foul smelling defecation, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Distended abdomen, Paralysis, Muscular weakness in the arm, Muscular weakness in the leg, Skin nodules, Itching of skin, Hair loss, Changes in the nails, Skin redness, Blue colored skin, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Fever, Pain in the limbs, Headache, Neck stiffness, Nausea, Shortness of breath, Fever, Lockjaw, Cramps, Muscle stiffness, Sweating, Vision impairment for near objects, Vision impairment, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Increased thirst, Pain of the anus, Back pain, Lower-back pain, Limited mobility of the back, Shortness of breath, Bloody cough, Cough, Chest pain, Shortness of breath, Chest pain, Chest tightness, Cough, Back pain, Breathing-related pains, Palpitations, Bold area among hair on the head, Joint pain, Oversensitivity to light, Shortness of breath, Skin rash, Skin redness, Tiredness, Weight loss, Swollen glands in the armpit, Swollen glands in the groin, Fever, Swollen glands in the neck, Sadness, Mood swings, Mouth ulcers, Joylessness, Itching of skin, Hair loss, Scar, Skin redness, Pain in the limbs, Joint pain, Skin rash, Headache, Tiredness, Paralysis, Fever, Neck stiffness, Blue colored skin, Diarrhea, Fever, Weight loss, Skin rash, Swollen glands in the neck, Swollen glands in the armpit, Swollen glands in the groin, Tiredness, Sweating, Night sweats, Leg swelling, Arm swelling, Limited mobility of the leg, Hand pain, Vision impairment, Vision impairment for near objects, Pain in the bones, Back pain, Fever, Weight loss, Sweating, Arm swelling, Joint pain, Bone fracture, Leg swelling, Dark urine, Urge to urinate, Frequent urination, Urination during the night, Dribbling after urination, Painful urination, Decreased urine stream, Delayed start to urination, Impairment of male potency, Pain in the bones, Abdominal pain, Blue spot on skin, Pallor, Dark urine, Fever, Chills, Cough, Abdominal pain, Sweating, Blackening of vision, Disorientation regarding time or place, Yellow colored skin, Shortness of breath, Burning eyes, Burning in the throat, Cough, Eye redness, Fever, Itching eyes, Pain in the limbs, Runny nose, Skin rash, Sore throat, Swollen glands in the armpit, Swollen glands in the groin, Swollen glands in the neck, Tiredness, Oversensitivity to light, Facial swelling, Flaking skin, Pallor, Yellow colored skin, Yellowish discoloration of the white part of the eye, Visual field loss, Facial paralysis, Impaired balance, Headache, Paralysis, Tiredness, Eye pain, Mood swings, Aggressiveness, Vision impairment, Increased drive, Sleeplessness, Difficulty to concentrate, Mood swings, Agitation, Aggressiveness, Feeling of pressure in the ear, Fever, Impaired hearing, Facial paralysis, Face pain, Headache, Swollen glands in the neck, Earache, Reduced appetite, Cough, Runny nose, Tiredness, Pain in the limbs, Shortness of breath, Chest pain, Chest tightness, Cough, Night cough, Feeling faint, Heart murmur, Palpitations, Blue colored skin, Irregular mole, Scar, Skin nodules, Skin thickening, Nausea, Vomiting, Dizziness, Muscle pain, Pain in the calves, Tremor on movement, Limited mobility of the leg, Physical inactivity, Joint instability, Muscle weakness, Muscular weakness in the arm, Muscular weakness in the leg, Difficulty in swallowing, Drooping eyelid, Muscular weakness in the arm, Muscular weakness in the leg, Changes in the nails, Swelling in the genital area, Swelling of the testicles, Dribbling after urination, Painful urination, Pain radiating to the leg, Muscular atrophy in the leg, Muscular weakness in the leg, Back pain, Stress-related leg pain, Lower-back pain, Limited mobility of the back, Physical inactivity, Shortness of breath, Chest pain, Night cough, Blackening of vision, Dizziness, Palpitations, Pallor, Tiredness, Absence of a pulse, Heart murmur, Irregular heartbeat, Pain radiating to the arm, Neck pain, Numbness in the arm, Tingling, Muscular weakness in the arm, Muscular atrophy of the arm, Limited mobility of the fingers, Limited mobility of the back, Nosebleed, Runny nose, Sneezing, Stuffy nose, Early satiety, Numbness of the hands, Tingling, Muscular atrophy of the arm, Hand pain, Limited mobility of the fingers, Muscular weakness in the arm, Numbness in the arm, Hand swelling, Arm swelling, Muscle pain

Medical Conditions

The cause of neuralgia is mainly due to nerve damage. The nerve fibers are protected by a myelin sheath. If the myelin sheath is damaged, it may result in nerve pain. Besides, also damage on the nerve fiber itself or circulatory disorders of a nerve can lead to neuralgia. There are many factors that can result in damage of the nerve, including 1) old age, 2) infection, 3) multiple sclerosis, 4) pressure on the nerves (for example herniated disks or carpal tunnel syndrome), 5) diabetes, 6) chronic renal disease, 7) porphyria, 8) trauma, 9) chemical irritation and the like. The most common neuralgias are the following: 1) Postherpetic neuralgia: it results from shingles and may be located anywhere over the body. 2) Trigeminal neuralgia: it is caused by damage of the trigeminal nerve, which goes from the brain to the face. 3) Glossopharyngeal neuralgia: damage of the glossopharyngeal nerve may produce pain in throat and neck.

Treatment

The treatments of neuralgia may include 1) surgery which can relieve the pressure on the nerve, 2) control of blood sugar, 3) physical therapy and 4) medications. The common medications include anti-inflammatory painkillers such as ibuprofen, anti-depressant drugs such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline, and topical ointments with capsaicin. For people with severe pain, anti-seizure medications such as carbamazepine and narcotic pain medications such as opioids may be used. If the pain cannot be controlled with these medications, the last option is local anesthesia or electrical nerve stimulation.