Pregnancy loss:

Spontaneous abortion ( Miscarriage )

A spontaneous abortion is miscarriage which occurs based on natural causes. The cause can lie with the mother or the child. There are different types of miscarriage: Miscarriage of natural cause and intended or artificially induced abortions (so-called termination of pregnancy).

Full Description

A miscarriage is a premature end to pregnancy due to the expulsion or death of a foetus weighing less than 500 grams. There are various causes that avoid a pregnancy being carried to term, resulting in a (natural) miscarriage. Uterine malformations, muscle weakness of the cervix are maternal, as well as infections or hormone disorders. Paternal causes for a miscarriage are also known, such as change to the sperm structure. Fetal causes can include incomplete nidation, changes to the genes or insufficient placenta growth.


Eye blinking, Tic, Difficulty in swallowing, Burning in the throat, Bone fracture, Hard defecation, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Tiredness, Back pain, Pain in the limbs, Less than 3 defecations per week, Abdominal pain, Vomiting, Nausea, Reduced appetite, Increased urine quantity, Flatulence, Mood swings, Increased appetite, Hot flushes, Protrusion of the eyes, Palpitations, Nervousness, Mood swings, Sweating, Tremor at rest, Sleeplessness, Weight loss, Hair loss, Cold sweats, Diarrhea, Itching eyes, Brittleness of nails, Difficulty in swallowing, Irregular heartbeat, Muscle weakness, Eye pain, Dry eyes, Night sweats, Flatulence, Diarrhea, Fatty defecation, Weight gain, Foul smelling defecation, Cold feet, Stress-related leg pain, Pain in the calves, Leg ulcer, Leg cramps, Non-healing skin wound, Hand pain, Foot pain, Impairment of male potency, Lower-back pain, Absence of a pulse, Blue colored skin, Eye redness, Feeling of foreign body in the eye, Itching eyes, Burning eyes, Tears, Eyelids sticking together, Oversensitivity to light, Breathing-related pains, Shortness of breath, Bloody cough, Chest pain, Weight loss, Cough, Difficulty in swallowing, Shortness of breath, Abdominal pain, Drowsiness, Disorientation regarding time or place, Double vision, Double vision, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Increased salivation, Memory gap, Yellow colored skin, Impaired balance, Hot flushes, Cold sweats, Lockjaw, Headache, Cramps, Oversensitivity to light, Nausea, Tremor at rest, Hallucination, Agitation, Absence of a pulse, Irregular heartbeat, Difficulty in speaking, Trouble understanding speech, Blue colored skin, Vomiting, Dizziness, Nausea, Missed period, Menstruation disorder, Weight gain, Nausea, Headache, Tiredness, Dizziness, Vomiting, Frequent urination, Urination during the night, Cravings, Distended abdomen, Abdominal pain, Bleeding from vagina, Back pain

Medical Conditions

It is estimated that about 40-70% of all fertilised ova are not carried to term. But only about 20% of all cases are perceived as a miscarriage, all the others are just a stronger menses. If bleedings or contractions occur during an existing pregnancy, it is initially called Abortus imminens (imminent miscarriage). If the pregnancy is not intact anymore, which means that the foetus has no heartbeat anymore or that it is not inside the uterus anymore, the pregnancy can’t be maintained.


Sometimes during an impeding miscarriage (Abortus imminens), the miscarriage can be prevented by bed rest and physical rest. If this is not possible, there are different forms of miscarriage, which may be followed by a curettage therapy. After that, the cause of the miscarriage should be identified if possible, so that a new pregnancy will not lead to a miscarriage again.