Reflex sympathetic dystrophy:

Complex regional pain syndrome ( Reflex sympathetic syndrome )

A complex regional pain syndrome is a chronic disease that can be influenced more specifically caused by many factors. Subsequently it leads to inflammatory and very painful disorders of joints and tissues. The final state is often the complete stiffening of the affected joints.

Full Description

Complex regional pain syndrome describes an illness that results from trauma, an operation, or infection and produces long-term symptoms in the affected limbs, due to blood circulation problems, edema, skin changes, pain, and limited functions. Disorders of the vegetative nervous system, hormonal dysregulations and psychosomatic disorders, but also traumas, infections or nerve damage can cause a reflex sympathetic syndrome. It is a chronic condition, and the treatment is difficult and lengthy. The final state is often the stiffening of an affected joint.


Back pain, Pain in the limbs, Less than 3 defecations per week, Abdominal pain, Vomiting, Nausea, Reduced appetite, Increased urine quantity, Flatulence, Mood swings, Increased appetite, Hot flushes, Protrusion of the eyes, Palpitations, Nervousness, Mood swings, Sweating, Tremor at rest, Sleeplessness, Weight loss, Hair loss, Cold sweats, Diarrhea, Itching eyes, Brittleness of nails, Difficulty in swallowing, Irregular heartbeat, Muscle weakness, Eye pain, Dry eyes, Night sweats, Flatulence, Diarrhea, Fatty defecation, Weight gain, Foul smelling defecation, Cold feet, Stress-related leg pain, Pain in the calves, Leg ulcer, Leg cramps, Non-healing skin wound, Hand pain, Foot pain, Impairment of male potency, Lower-back pain, Absence of a pulse, Blue colored skin, Eye redness, Feeling of foreign body in the eye, Itching eyes, Burning eyes, Tears, Eyelids sticking together, Oversensitivity to light, Breathing-related pains, Shortness of breath, Bloody cough, Chest pain, Weight loss, Cough, Difficulty in swallowing, Shortness of breath, Abdominal pain, Drowsiness, Disorientation regarding time or place, Double vision, Double vision, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Increased salivation, Memory gap, Yellow colored skin, Impaired balance, Hot flushes, Cold sweats, Lockjaw, Headache, Cramps, Oversensitivity to light, Nausea, Tremor at rest, Hallucination, Agitation, Absence of a pulse, Irregular heartbeat, Difficulty in speaking, Trouble understanding speech, Blue colored skin, Vomiting, Dizziness, Nausea, Missed period, Menstruation disorder, Weight gain, Nausea, Headache, Tiredness, Dizziness, Vomiting, Frequent urination, Urination during the night, Cravings, Distended abdomen, Abdominal pain, Bleeding from vagina, Back pain, Back pain, Heartburn, Missed period, Nausea, Weight gain, Vomiting, Lower-back pain, Feeling faint, Abdominal pain, Less than 3 defecations per week, Flatulence, Hard defecation, Difficult defecation, Incomplete defecation, Early satiety, Side pain, Weight gain, Vomiting, Nausea, Reduced appetite, Distended abdomen, Pain of the anus, Itching of the anus, Difficulty in speaking, Aggressiveness, Sadness, Hallucination, Agitation, Cheek swelling, Eyelid swelling, Lip swelling, Skin wheal, Facial swelling, Difficulty in swallowing, Hoarseness, Tongue swelling, Hand swelling, Shortness of breath, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Foot swelling, Limited mobility of the fingers, Numbness of the hands, Foot pain, Hand pain, Cold feet, Sensitivity to cold, Hand swelling, Cold hands, Blue colored skin, Skin rash, Skin thickening, Itching of skin, Flaking skin, Dry skin, Coarsening of the skin structure, Hardening of the skin, Skin redness, Skin lesion, Skin rash, Itching eyes, Eye redness, Scar, Immobilization, Muscle pain, Muscular weakness in the arm, Muscular weakness in the leg, Muscular atrophy of the arm, Muscular atrophy in the leg

Medical Conditions

The complex regional pain syndrome progresses in three stages that cause different symptoms. In stage one, pain, swelling, bluish coloring of the skin and temperature disturbances of the affected body parts are the main symptoms. In stage two, the swelling decreases, skin and soft tissue become thin and form back (atrophy), bones decalcify and adhesions of the joints lead to serious restrictions of mobility. Stage three is the final stage with complete atrophy of skin, muscles, fat tissues and stiffening of joints.


The therapy depends on the stage of the illness. In stage one, the affected area will be immobilised and prescribes anti-inflammatory medication and medication to increase blood flow, stage two requires intensive physical and physiotherapeutic measures to keep the mobility restrictions to a minimum. It is important not to go beyond the patient’s pain threshold. Stage three requires physiotherapy as well.