Reflux disease:

Gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD )

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is often referred to as gastric or acid reflux disease, as this is the most common complaint. The cause of this symptom is a backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus, which then causes a burning sensation (hence the name).

Full Description

Reflux disease is very common worldwide. It is usually due to a backflow of stomach acid through a weakened esophagus. If this occurs regularly, it will develop into gastroesophageal reflux disease, a burning of the mucous membrane in the esophagus.


Pain in the limbs, Less than 3 defecations per week, Abdominal pain, Vomiting, Nausea, Reduced appetite, Increased urine quantity, Flatulence, Mood swings, Increased appetite, Hot flushes, Protrusion of the eyes, Palpitations, Nervousness, Mood swings, Sweating, Tremor at rest, Sleeplessness, Weight loss, Hair loss, Cold sweats, Diarrhea, Itching eyes, Brittleness of nails, Difficulty in swallowing, Irregular heartbeat, Muscle weakness, Eye pain, Dry eyes, Night sweats, Flatulence, Diarrhea, Fatty defecation, Weight gain, Foul smelling defecation, Cold feet, Stress-related leg pain, Pain in the calves, Leg ulcer, Leg cramps, Non-healing skin wound, Hand pain, Foot pain, Impairment of male potency, Lower-back pain, Absence of a pulse, Blue colored skin, Eye redness, Feeling of foreign body in the eye, Itching eyes, Burning eyes, Tears, Eyelids sticking together, Oversensitivity to light, Breathing-related pains, Shortness of breath, Bloody cough, Chest pain, Weight loss, Cough, Difficulty in swallowing, Shortness of breath, Abdominal pain, Drowsiness, Disorientation regarding time or place, Double vision, Double vision, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Increased salivation, Memory gap, Yellow colored skin, Impaired balance, Hot flushes, Cold sweats, Lockjaw, Headache, Cramps, Oversensitivity to light, Nausea, Tremor at rest, Hallucination, Agitation, Absence of a pulse, Irregular heartbeat, Difficulty in speaking, Trouble understanding speech, Blue colored skin, Vomiting, Dizziness, Nausea, Missed period, Menstruation disorder, Weight gain, Nausea, Headache, Tiredness, Dizziness, Vomiting, Frequent urination, Urination during the night, Cravings, Distended abdomen, Abdominal pain, Bleeding from vagina, Back pain, Back pain, Heartburn, Missed period, Nausea, Weight gain, Vomiting, Lower-back pain, Feeling faint, Abdominal pain, Less than 3 defecations per week, Flatulence, Hard defecation, Difficult defecation, Incomplete defecation, Early satiety, Side pain, Weight gain, Vomiting, Nausea, Reduced appetite, Distended abdomen, Pain of the anus, Itching of the anus, Difficulty in speaking, Aggressiveness, Sadness, Hallucination, Agitation, Cheek swelling, Eyelid swelling, Lip swelling, Skin wheal, Facial swelling, Difficulty in swallowing, Hoarseness, Tongue swelling, Hand swelling, Shortness of breath, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Foot swelling, Limited mobility of the fingers, Numbness of the hands, Foot pain, Hand pain, Cold feet, Sensitivity to cold, Hand swelling, Cold hands, Blue colored skin, Skin rash, Skin thickening, Itching of skin, Flaking skin, Dry skin, Coarsening of the skin structure, Hardening of the skin, Skin redness, Skin lesion, Skin rash, Itching eyes, Eye redness, Scar, Immobilization, Muscle pain, Muscular weakness in the arm, Muscular weakness in the leg, Muscular atrophy of the arm, Muscular atrophy in the leg, Burning in the throat, Chest pain, Cough, Early satiety, Heartburn, Hiccups, Hoarseness, Pain on swallowing, Sore throat, Abdominal pain, Stomach burning, Vomiting, Vomiting blood, Dry mouth, Mouth pain, Tongue burning, Flatulence, Sleeplessness, Itching of the anus

Medical Conditions

Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs in about 20% of the population in industrial countries. The main symptom is a dull burning, or feelings of pain or pressure in the throat and chest areas, which is where it gets the common name heartburn. It frequently occurs when lying down (at night for example), after copious eating, or after consumption of alcohol and can become noticeable as a chronic cough.


In certain cases, damage to the mucous membrane in the throat can become permanent (Barrett’s esophagus) which requires regular check-ups with a specialist, since this damage can degenerate. For people suffering from this, it’s recommended that they maintain a low-fat diet, avoid eating meals late at night, quit smoking and using alcohol, and in the case of overweight patients a reduction in weight it recommended. Medications that reduce stomach acid (proton pump inhibitors, for example) have been shown to be effective, but they do not treat the cause of the reflux of acid. Furthermore, a test to discover if a stomach infection of Helicobacter pylori is at play may be appropriate, since this can cause or intensify heartburn. In most cases this can be cured with a treatment of antibiotics.