Gastric carcinoma ( )
Gastric carcinoma, known also as stomach cancer, is a tumor that occurs in the lining of the stomach. It is hard to cure gastric cancer since it is often diagnosed in an advanced stage.
Gastric cancer is a malign stomach tumor. It is most commonly diagnosed after the age of 50. However, about 10% of all cases occur at the age between 30 and 40. Gastric cancer develops more often because of familial predisposition, chronic gastritis and gastric ulcers, bacterial colonisation of helicobacter pylori, conditions that cause an excess of gastric acids, or benign gastric tumors. Persons consuming too much salt and cured food are also at a greater risk. Raw fruits and vegetables as well as wholemeal bread may reduce the risk.
Reduced appetite, Difficulty to concentrate, Sleepiness with spontaneous falling asleep, Forgetfulness, Mood swings, Joylessness, Sadness, Dry mouth, Headache, Impairment of male potency, Tiredness, Sleeplessness, Reduced appetite, Difficulty to concentrate, Weight gain, Headache, Sleepiness with spontaneous falling asleep, Limited mobility of the back, Numbness of the hands, Pain in the limbs, Tingling, Muscular weakness in the arm, Muscular weakness in the leg, Neck pain, Back pain, Pain radiating to the leg, Pain radiating to the arm, Numbness in the arm, Numbness in the leg, Lower-back pain, Immobilization, Uncontrolled defecation, Limited mobility of the leg, Mouth ulcers, Mouth pain, Dry mouth, Tongue swelling, Difficulty in swallowing, Tongue burning, Sputum, Sore throat, Cough, Impairment of male potency, Blackhead, Dry mouth, Runny nose, Sleeplessness, Nausea, Stuffy nose, Cough with sputum, Mouth pain, Reduced appetite, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Hard defecation, Difficult defecation, Nausea, Incomplete defecation, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Less than 3 defecations per week, Swelling in the genital area, Swelling of the testicles, Testicular pain, Neck pain, Numbness in the arm, Pain radiating to the arm, Limited mobility of the back, Ankle swelling, Limited mobility of the ankle, Foot swelling, Double vision, Reduced appetite, Increased appetite, Weight loss, Weight gain, Difficulty to concentrate, Headache, Nervousness, Sleeplessness, Forgetfulness, Anxiety, Vomiting blood, Diarrhea, Tiredness, Dizziness, Pallor, Blackening of vision, Vomiting, Nausea, Black stools, Pallor, Vomiting, Weight loss, Swollen glands in the neck, Black stools, Heartburn, Nausea, Vomiting blood, Reduced appetite, Cough, Tiredness, Abdominal pain, Sore throat, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Sweating, Stomach burning, Burning in the throat, Early satiety
The early stages of gastric cancer cause no symptoms; they are usually detected with a gastroscopy. In very rare cases, early stages located near the cardia may cause difficulty in swallowing. Advanced stages can cause fullness, pressure in the upper abdomen, fatigue, weight loss, performance weakness and anaemia, sudden aversion to certain food (especially meat) and occult stool.
Patients who are complaining about discomfort of the upper abdomen for a prolonged period of time should get a gastroscopy, especially if they are older than 50, to rule out gastric cancer. If the tissue sample taken during the gastroscopy confirms gastric cancer, treatment will usually be partial or complete removal of the stomach. In advanced stages, chemotherapy might be indicated prior to the surgery, to reduce the tumor. Structures often affected by metastases (lymph nodes, fat layers of large and small intestines) will be removed as well. Survival time depends on the tumor stage and operability. In early stages, the 5-year survival rate is 95%, in advanced stages and metastases only 10%.