Temporomandibular joint dysfunction:

TMJ syndrome ( )

Temporomandibular joint and muscle dysfunction, which is commonly called TMJ syndrome is a disorder of the jaw joint and the chewing muscles. Pain while chewing is one of the main symptoms experienced by patients as well as a dysfunction in the jaw joint and the muscles controlling the jaw movement. There are many ways to prevent and if needed to treat a TMJ syndrome. If the disorder still occurs, anti-inflammatory drugs and others painkillers may be used. Furthermore, in severe cases, surgery may be performed.

Full Description

The temporomandibular joint connects the skull to the jawbone and a dysfunction of this joint can make the movement difficult and the muscles can struggle to control the jaw motion. It is often hard to determine the cause of such dysfunction since the pain can be caused by a combination of numerous factors including jaw injury, arthritis, and genetics. Some patients with a temporomandibular joint dysfunction tend to grind or clench their teeth even if many people grind or clench usually their teeth without developing the condition. Usually, the discomfort and pain connected to a temporomandibular joint dysfunction is temporary. Nonsurgical treatments or self-handled care are the first line of options to alleviate the symptoms. Typically, surgery is only the ultimate option after failure of conservative measures. However, some patients with the condition may need surgical measures to improve the condition and to recover.


Muscular weakness in the leg, Neck pain, Back pain, Pain radiating to the leg, Pain radiating to the arm, Numbness in the arm, Numbness in the leg, Lower-back pain, Immobilization, Uncontrolled defecation, Limited mobility of the leg, Mouth ulcers, Mouth pain, Dry mouth, Tongue swelling, Difficulty in swallowing, Tongue burning, Sputum, Sore throat, Cough, Impairment of male potency, Blackhead, Dry mouth, Runny nose, Sleeplessness, Nausea, Stuffy nose, Cough with sputum, Mouth pain, Reduced appetite, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Hard defecation, Difficult defecation, Nausea, Incomplete defecation, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Less than 3 defecations per week, Swelling in the genital area, Swelling of the testicles, Testicular pain, Neck pain, Numbness in the arm, Pain radiating to the arm, Limited mobility of the back, Ankle swelling, Limited mobility of the ankle, Foot swelling, Double vision, Reduced appetite, Increased appetite, Weight loss, Weight gain, Difficulty to concentrate, Headache, Nervousness, Sleeplessness, Forgetfulness, Anxiety, Vomiting blood, Diarrhea, Tiredness, Dizziness, Pallor, Blackening of vision, Vomiting, Nausea, Black stools, Pallor, Vomiting, Weight loss, Swollen glands in the neck, Black stools, Heartburn, Nausea, Vomiting blood, Reduced appetite, Cough, Tiredness, Abdominal pain, Sore throat, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Sweating, Stomach burning, Burning in the throat, Early satiety, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Heartburn, Reduced appetite, Vomiting, Abdominal pain, Nausea, Sore throat, Distended abdomen, Abdominal pain, Vomiting blood, Early satiety, Cough, Stomach burning, Hiccups, Black stools, Heartburn, Reduced appetite, Back pain, Lower-back pain, Limited mobility of the back, Neck pain, Pain radiating to the arm, Chest pain, Joint instability, Morning stiffness, Joint swelling, Joint pain, Hand swelling, Ankle swelling, Limited mobility of the back, Limited mobility of the leg, Limited mobility of the fingers, Limited mobility of the ankle, Knee pain, Physical inactivity, Foot swelling, Sleeplessness, Joylessness, Nervousness, Reduced appetite, Anxiety, Aggressiveness, Eyelid swelling, Eyelids sticking together, Eye pain, Bleeding in the conjunctiva of the eye, Eye redness, Ringing in the ear, Impaired hearing, Hearing loss, Feeling of pressure in the ear, Impaired balance, Vision impairment, Skin redness, Formation of blisters on a skin area, Facial swelling, Lip swelling, Skin rash, Wound, Skin rash, Skin nodules, Skin thickening, Hardening of the skin, Dry skin, Crusting, Skin redness, Fever, Skin rash, Skin redness, Swollen glands in the neck, Swollen glands in the armpit, Swollen glands in the groin, Leg swelling, Joint pain, Pain in the limbs, Headache, Itching of skin, Foot swelling, Toe swelling, Non-healing skin wound, Irregular mole, Scar, Difficulty in swallowing, Swollen glands in the groin, Skin rash, Genital warts, Swollen glands in the neck, Hair loss, Eye redness, Skin nodules, Shortness of breath, Fever, Joint pain, Weight loss, Skin rash, Skin redness, Cough, Tiredness, Eye redness, Eye pain, Foot pain, Skin nodules, Scar, Numbness in the leg, Muscular atrophy in the leg, Muscular weakness in the leg, Foot pain, Tingling, Blood in stool, Hard defecation, Painful defecation, Cramps, Pain of the anus, Itching of the anus, Muscular weakness in the arm, Pain radiating to the arm, Face pain, Lockjaw, Earache

Medical Conditions

In TMJ syndrome, displacement of the cartilage disc in the joint of the jaw that causes pressure and stretching of the associated sensory nerves may be present. Popping or clicking occurs when the disk snaps into place as the jaw moves. In addition, the chewing muscles may spasm, not function efficiently, and cause pain and tenderness. Causes of TMJ syndrome may include 1) trauma to the jaw, 2) teeth grinding, 3) excessive chewing of chewing-gum, 4) improper bite or malposition of the jaw, 5) arthritis, 6) stress or other psychological factors. People with TMJ syndrome often have symptoms such as ear pain, sore jaw muscles, cheek pain, jaw popping or clicking, locking of the jaw, difficulty in opening the mouth fully and head or neck aches.


To avoid TMJ syndrome, you can follow these tips: 1) rest the muscles and joints by eating soft foods, 2) do not chew chewing-gum, 3) avoid clenching your teeth and 4) relax muscles with moist heat. In cases of joint injury, apply ice packs soon after the injury to reduce swelling. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants or other painkillers may also be used. Other treatments for advanced cases may include fabrication of an occlusal splint for use at night to prevent wear and tear on the joint, improving the alignment of the upper and lower teeth. Sometimes surgery may be needed.