Thyroid eye disease:
Endocrine ophthalmopathy ( )
Thyroid eye disease is an eye condition in which the muscles of the eye with fatty tissue located behind the eye become inflamed. This inflammation can cause the eyes to be pushed forward (‘bulging’ or ‘staring eyes’). The bulging of the eyeballs is often in connection with thyroid diseases.
Thyroid eye disease is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the immune system of the body attacks the back of the eye and triggers inflammation. This causes the eyelids and eyes to become red and swollen. This condition is also known as Graves ophthalmopathy, associated mainly with an overactive thyroid due to Graves’ disease.
Numbness in the leg, Lower-back pain, Immobilization, Uncontrolled defecation, Limited mobility of the leg, Mouth ulcers, Mouth pain, Dry mouth, Tongue swelling, Difficulty in swallowing, Tongue burning, Sputum, Sore throat, Cough, Impairment of male potency, Blackhead, Dry mouth, Runny nose, Sleeplessness, Nausea, Stuffy nose, Cough with sputum, Mouth pain, Reduced appetite, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Hard defecation, Difficult defecation, Nausea, Incomplete defecation, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Less than 3 defecations per week, Swelling in the genital area, Swelling of the testicles, Testicular pain, Neck pain, Numbness in the arm, Pain radiating to the arm, Limited mobility of the back, Ankle swelling, Limited mobility of the ankle, Foot swelling, Double vision, Reduced appetite, Increased appetite, Weight loss, Weight gain, Difficulty to concentrate, Headache, Nervousness, Sleeplessness, Forgetfulness, Anxiety, Vomiting blood, Diarrhea, Tiredness, Dizziness, Pallor, Blackening of vision, Vomiting, Nausea, Black stools, Pallor, Vomiting, Weight loss, Swollen glands in the neck, Black stools, Heartburn, Nausea, Vomiting blood, Reduced appetite, Cough, Tiredness, Abdominal pain, Sore throat, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Sweating, Stomach burning, Burning in the throat, Early satiety, Bloated feeling in the stomach, Heartburn, Reduced appetite, Vomiting, Abdominal pain, Nausea, Sore throat, Distended abdomen, Abdominal pain, Vomiting blood, Early satiety, Cough, Stomach burning, Hiccups, Black stools, Heartburn, Reduced appetite, Back pain, Lower-back pain, Limited mobility of the back, Neck pain, Pain radiating to the arm, Chest pain, Joint instability, Morning stiffness, Joint swelling, Joint pain, Hand swelling, Ankle swelling, Limited mobility of the back, Limited mobility of the leg, Limited mobility of the fingers, Limited mobility of the ankle, Knee pain, Physical inactivity, Foot swelling, Sleeplessness, Joylessness, Nervousness, Reduced appetite, Anxiety, Aggressiveness, Eyelid swelling, Eyelids sticking together, Eye pain, Bleeding in the conjunctiva of the eye, Eye redness, Ringing in the ear, Impaired hearing, Hearing loss, Feeling of pressure in the ear, Impaired balance, Vision impairment, Skin redness, Formation of blisters on a skin area, Facial swelling, Lip swelling, Skin rash, Wound, Skin rash, Skin nodules, Skin thickening, Hardening of the skin, Dry skin, Crusting, Skin redness, Fever, Skin rash, Skin redness, Swollen glands in the neck, Swollen glands in the armpit, Swollen glands in the groin, Leg swelling, Joint pain, Pain in the limbs, Headache, Itching of skin, Foot swelling, Toe swelling, Non-healing skin wound, Irregular mole, Scar, Difficulty in swallowing, Swollen glands in the groin, Skin rash, Genital warts, Swollen glands in the neck, Hair loss, Eye redness, Skin nodules, Shortness of breath, Fever, Joint pain, Weight loss, Skin rash, Skin redness, Cough, Tiredness, Eye redness, Eye pain, Foot pain, Skin nodules, Scar, Numbness in the leg, Muscular atrophy in the leg, Muscular weakness in the leg, Foot pain, Tingling, Blood in stool, Hard defecation, Painful defecation, Cramps, Pain of the anus, Itching of the anus, Muscular weakness in the arm, Pain radiating to the arm, Face pain, Lockjaw, Earache, Stress-related leg pain, Limited mobility of the ankle, Pain radiating to the arm, Hand pain, Arm swelling, Muscular weakness in the arm, Muscular atrophy of the arm, Tingling, Swelling of the testicles, Cough, Bulging abdominal wall, Weight loss, Testicular pain, Shortness of breath, Bone fracture, Pain in the bones, Back pain, Neck pain, Protrusion of the eyes, Dry eyes, Oversensitivity to light, Eye pain
Endocrine orbitopathy affects women 6 times as often as it does men. The most noticeable three symptoms are: pulled-back upper eyelid, eyeballs bulging forward, and disturbed movement of the eyes. These symptoms cause the patient to look like they were staring. Besides that, these symptoms can lead to other complaints. Due to the shrinking back of the eyelid (from inflammation and scarification of the elevating muscle of the upper eyelid), the cornea becomes dry, causing conjunctivitis and corneal ulcers. Eye movement disorders can cause the patient to see double. The prominence of the eyeball is a result of the expansion of the muscles and fatty tissue in the eye sockets. It can also lead to damage of the optical nerve.
If a thyreoid disorder is the underlying cause of endocrine orbitopathy, it needs to be treated first. Further therapeutic measures depend on the severity of the symptoms. Treatment at the acute stage is comprised of cortisone therapy or radiation. Chronic stages require treatment of symptoms (keeping the cornea moist, for example). Serious chronic stages may require a surgery.